Setting a home server that runs on an open-source or Windows operating system is a valuable practice, as you can use it to run a website, send and receive emails, stack-up your old DVD and music collection, and so on. Building a server at home may sound like a very complex thing to do, but in reality, it is not.
Requirements for Building a Server
Establishing your server at home requires the following components:
Since you will be setting up a server to conduct basic tasks such as receiving/sending emails and saving data, a machine running on 6 GB RAM and a Core i3 processor will be good enough. However, you shouldn’t use an old machine because used hardware isn’t reliable and you might be confronted with space issues. Also, if you require to host a database and cater to huge traffic, you might need a high-speed server having an Intel Xeon processor. Make sure the hard drive has plenty of space if you wish to install and store a variety of programs along with having a backup of your data. Another thing to keep in mind is cooling; make sure your system doesn’t overheat. You can use different things to cool the server, such as air, liquid nitrogen, or a fan. Some computers come equipped with water-cooled technology, which lowers power consumption by 30% to 40%
The server requires an Ethernet card. When buying it, make sure it’s compatible with the operating system you choose. I would recommend 3Com and D-Link cards because they’re reliable and offer value for money.
Reliable Internet Connection
Your server will be running on the Internet, so having a reliable connection is of utmost importance. You can choose either ADSL, fiber optic, or a satellite connection. A fast and reliable Internet connection will ensure prompt working and help it stay clear of lags.
Monitor and Keyboard
You can use an old keyboard and monitor; no need to buy new ones. You can go for a wireless keyboard and mouse if you like moving around in your room.
Choice of Operating System
These days, you can find open-source operating systems easily. You may use Fedora, FreeBSD, Ubuntu, Gentoo, or simply use your reliable Windows 10 for a home server, which also allows you to set up a VPN for Windows 10, to improve your privacy on the internet.
Once your server is up and running, you should keep the following considerations in mind:
· Don’t expose it to heat or dust
· Hide the cords so that people don’t trip over them
· Maintain an effective cooling system to avoid overheating and loud noises
· You can adjust it in a closet as long as air passes through because that will prevent it from overheating
· Always keep an eye on the internet: don’t settle for low-speed connections as they will affect the overall performance of your server
· Keep it plugged in an electric outlet at all times
· Install a functioning CD/DVD burner or have it at disposal if you want to burn discs
· Use a router if you wish to get access to your server space from other computers
· Use a surge suppressor if you are in an area, which sees frequent power outages