First check out the concept of ReFS File System as mentioned by Microsoft:
Windows customers want a cost-effective platform that maximizes data availability, scales efficiently to very large data sets across diverse workloads, and guarantees data integrity by means of resiliency to corruption (regardless of software or hardware failures). ReFS is a new file system that targets these needs while providing a foundation for significant future innovations. By utilizing an integrated storage stack comprising ReFS and the new Storage Spaces feature in Windows Server 2012, customers can now deploy the most cost-effective platform for available and scalable data access using commodity storage.
Storage Spaces protects data from partial and complete disk failures by maintaining copies on multiple disks. ReFS interfaces with Storage Spaces to automatically repair the corruption. For more information about Storage Spaces, see Storage Spaces Overview and the Storage Spaces Microsoft TechNet blog.
The key attributes of ReFS include:
Maintaining a high level of data availability and reliability, even when the individual underlying storage devices experience failures.
Providing a full, end-to-end resilient architecture when used in conjunction with Storage Spaces. When used together, ReFS and Storage Spaces provide enhanced resiliency to storage device failures.
Steps to Enable or Disable to Format with ReFS File System in Windows 10
1. Press Win+R to open Run Window, type Regedit and hit Enter.
2. Now navigate to the following location
5. If you want to disable formatting with ReFS File System, then delete the key MiniNT from left panel.
8. To enable formatting with ReFS File System, edit the DWORD mentioned above and set the value to 1.